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T.A.R. Lazio, Roma, Sez. II-bis, 28 novembre 2023, n. 17846

A public-private company cannot participate in any tender procedure other than the one for which it was established

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Post author | 28 March 2024 | Issue 1/2024

Corte dei Conti, Sez. Centrale di Controllo sulla gestione delle Amministrazioni dello Stato, Deliberazione 21 luglio 2023, n. 63/2023/G

The Court of Auditors examined the implementation of the NRP by the Digital Transformation Department of the Prime Minister’s Office in the part related to the migration of local public administrations to cloud services (M1/C1/1.2). The Court's resolution ascertains the pursuit of the targets set so far and points useful recommendations out to the Prime Minister's Office for the continuation of the activity: constant monitoring of local governments, strengthening of internal audits and constant information coordination with control bodies.

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Post author | 10 January 2024 | Issue 1/2024

E-Government and Digitalization

This article summarises the approval process of the Artificial Intelligence Act Proposal, particularly concerning high-risk predictive algorithms, to assess the effect of this legislative change.

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This contribution summarises the main amendments adopted by the European Parliament during its first reading of the EU’s Proposal for a Regulation on Artificial Intelligence (AI Act). It outlines the impact of this Act, if adopted with such amendments, on automated administrative decision-making (“adm-ADM”), and examines the margin Member States will have to supplement such provisions in their respective national administrative procedure acts. It concludes that the AI Act is a necessary piece of legislation and that, if adopted with some of the Parliament’s amendments, it will adequately regulate the development and use of AI systems by European public authorities, setting a high regulatory standard that can be reinforced by national legislators.

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Proactive Justice

Post author | 16 June 2023

The concept of prospective overruling was developed in the United States nearly a century ago as a means to liberate the interpretation of legal norms from the constraint of stare decisis and allow the rule of law to evolve with changing social principles, without compromising legal certainty. Proactive jurisprudence defines this strategy, which is appropriate in our system as long as it is implemented according to the principle of proportionality. Thus, the refusal of judicial interpretation's natural retroactivity must be appropriate, necessary, and sufficient to protect those who relied on established jurisprudence and risk being unfairly (though legally) affected by the unpredictable rule interpretation change.

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Transparency and open access

This article starts with the question of who publishes academic journals today, then briefly analyses how the range of such journals has changed during the last two decades. The article concludes that investment is necessary to support publishing initiatives of open access diamond journals carried out by members of the academic community in public universities.

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The article highlights how public contracts are a crucial variable for the future of the government administration but at the same time represent a great challenge due to their complexity of the subject and the difficulty of in regulating them it in a simple yet effective way. The text article focuses on the many interests that the public administration has to consider when awarding contracts and how the new procurement Aact tries to combine a more streamlined discipline approach with the pursuit of the objectives of legality and transparency. The difficulty of achieving this goal can be seen is testified byin the recent experience of the UK legal system, which after Brexit is in the process of adopting a reform of public contract law that, despite the declared political intentions, still has many aspects in common with European and continental law.

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European Union

This study aims to critically examine the influence of the European Union’s Charter of Fundamental Rights on the Italian constitutional adjudication system. The EU Charter’s substantive constitutional nature and the significant overlap between its guarantees and those found in the Italian Constitution will be taken into consideration as the Italian Constitutional Court highlights its most recent approaches to the Charter of Fundamental Rights. The analysis will demonstrate how, in general, the Italian Constitutional Court’s approach to the Court of Justice is one of open communication and cooperation. With reference to the so-called counter-limits doctrine, it will also highlight the critical roles that the two courts have played in defining the components of national identity and shared constitutional traditions.

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The use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in financial markets requires a balanced and proactive approach. The distinction between weak and strong AI systems highlights the need to adapt the sector legislation with respect to the sudden growth of the autonomy of the algorithms. The challenge is to balance natural technological development with market security. The balancing of human responsibility with the socialization of damages and with daring innovative solutions, such as the recognition of the legal personality of advanced AI systems or “smart law” hypotheses, would help jurists to manage, with less uncertainty, the new dynamics of financial markets.

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Fundamental Rights and Freedoms

In the following paper I will focus on the understanding, components, and contingent elements that have defined the evolution of the rule of law that has dominated legal and judicial practice for the better part of a decade now, especially in Europe. It goes without saying that in an undertaking of this nature, the selection of relevant aspects and, more importantly, the considerations associated with them are not immune to a perspective that is closely aligned with the duties of a judge at the Court of Justice of the European Union. In view of the particular relevance of recent developments in the rule of law in third countries, namely in the USA and Israel, it seems appropriate to also include these in the analysis.

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On October 14, 2023, Australian electors voted in a referendum regarding a proposal to change the Constitution by explicitly recognising Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people through the insertion of a Voice to Parliament and Government. A majority of electors in each State voted against the change, as did a majority of electors nationally. Therefore, the referendum failed. This article explains the proposal from a public law perspective and includes brief reflections regarding the public debate surrounding the referendum.

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