Environment and biodiversity

With constitutional law n. 1 of 11 February 2022, the Republic is assigned the task of protecting the environment, biodiversity, and ecosystems (including in the interests of future generations). State law has to regulate the methods and forms of animal protection. For the first time, the protection of animals is mentioned in the constitutional text and, significantly, that protection is in the part dedicated to 'fundamental principles'. The text has some limitations. Nevertheless, this reform represents a step forward in line with the experiences of other countries of the European Union (and beyond), as well as with European Union law.

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