José Luís da Cruz Vilaça

Professor of EU law; Managing Partner of CVA; Former Advocate-General and Judge of the CJEU; Former President of the Court of First Instance of the European Communities (now the General Court of the EU)

O que se passa com o Brexit?



Post author | 4 Ottobre 2020 | Non ancora fascicolato

Mentre il mantenimento dei diritti acquisiti dai cittadini UE residenti nel Regno Unito (e viceversa) prima del recesso è garantito dall’Accordo sul recesso firmato a gennaio, ed entrato in vigore il 1° febbraio 2020, il futuro delle relazioni tra UE e Regno Unito dipende del risultato dei negoziati in corso. Negoziati il cui esito rimane molto incerto, data la difficoltà di pervenire ad un accordo di libero scambio e sulla pesca; e data la recente iniziativa britannica di un disegno di legge presentato dal governo britannico stesso come un inadempimento parziale all’Accordo di recesso per quanto riguarda la circolazione delle merci tra Irlanda del Nord e UE. La tattica negoziale dell'attuale governo britannico - e in particolare del suo leader - è diventata però chiara: si tratta di mostrare i muscoli in vista del braccio di ferro che si terrà nelle prossime settimane. Sicché, in verità, un accordo commerciale equo e reciprocamente vantaggioso, e che al tempo stesso mantenga la pace sul fronte irlandese, duramente conquistata, è ancora possibile.

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This article analyses the recent decision of the German Constitutional Court, where it considered that the PSPP (Public Sector Purchase Programme) adopted by the ECB (European Central Bank) was ultra vires. The author undertakes an in-depth analysis of the relationship between the European Court of Justice (ECJ) and the constitutional courts of the Member States, also touching upon the fundamental principles of EU law underpinning such judicial cooperation, which is one of the main features of the Union’s judicial architecture. Such analysis leads to the conclusion that the German Constitutional Court misconstrued, inter alia, the principles of conferral and proportionality and threatened the very foundations of the EU legal order, of its integrity and autonomy, by replacing judicial cooperation with judicial confrontation and by ignoring the principle of equality of Member States before the Treaties and the principle of sincere cooperation between the Union and its Member States. Moreover, the decision of the German Constitutional Court defies the exclusive competences conferred to the ECJ by the Treaties, thus undermining the rule of law at the heart of the European Union. It also seriously endangers the independence of the ECB and the ESCB, including the Bundesbank, in performing their tasks in the field of monetary policy. Some final words are devoted to an assessment of the immediate consequences of the judgment, as well as possible ways to overcome it.

Continua a leggere

This article analyses the recent decision of the German Constitutional Court, where it considered that the PSPP (Public Sector Purchase Programme) adopted by the ECB (European Central Bank) was ultra vires. The author undertakes an in-depth analysis of the relationship between the European Court of Justice (ECJ) and the constitutional courts of the Member States, also touching upon the fundamental principles of EU law underpinning such judicial cooperation, which is one of the main features of the Union’s judicial architecture. Such analysis leads to the conclusion that the German Constitutional Court misconstrued, inter alia, the principles of conferral and proportionality and threatened the very foundations of the EU legal order, of its integrity and autonomy, by replacing judicial cooperation with judicial confrontation and by ignoring the principle of equality of Member States before the Treaties and the principle of sincere cooperation between the Union and its Member States. Moreover, the decision of the German Constitutional Court defies the exclusive competences conferred to the ECJ by the Treaties, thus undermining the rule of law at the heart of the European Union. It also seriously endangers the independence of the ECB and the ESCB, including the Bundesbank, in performing their tasks in the field of monetary policy. Some final words are devoted to an assessment of the immediate consequences of the judgment, as well as possible ways to overcome it

Continua a leggere